The consequences of sexual assault are complex and difficult to document. Victim studies reveal the difficulties experienced by people who have been sexually assaulted compared to their non-assaulted counterparts. However, most of these studies do not allow these difficulties to be attributed to the sexual assault alone.
Magnitude: how prevalent is CSA?
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This paper reviews recent Australian and international research on the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. It aims to assist practitioners and policy-makers who work with survivors of sexual abuse and their families to understand the significant findings from this large and sometimes complex body of research. For consistency and clarity the current paper uses the term "victim" for the childhood experience and "survivor" for the adult experience or impact. For further information on the definition of child sexual abuse and other child maltreatment subtypes see What is Child Abuse and Neglect?
The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychiatric consequences of sexual abuse and its associated factors in children and adolescents referred to our child and adolescent psychiatry clinic from official medico—legal units. Child and adolescent psychiatry and forensic medicine specialists evaluated all the cases. Abuse-related psychiatric diagnoses of which In Although gender and age were not significantly associated with the appearance of any psychiatric disorders, severity of abuse e. To explore the predictive value of multiple factors in the appearance of any sexual assault-related psychiatric disorder, a logistic regression model was used to determine the best linear combination of age, gender, abuse severity, incest, involvement of any other victim, additional physical assault, and length of time from first abuse to first psychiatric evaluation. Our findings reveal that the occurrence of incest, additional physical assault, and a long duration from first abuse to first psychiatric evaluation predict higher rates of sexual abuse-related psychiatric disorders.
View research View latest news Sign up for updates. Metrics details. Although child sexual abuse CSA is recognized as a serious violation of human well-being and of the law, no community has yet developed mechanisms that ensure that none of their youth will be sexually abused. CSA is, sadly, an international problem of great magnitude that can affect children of all ages, sexes, races, ethnicities, and socioeconomic classes.